When temperatures exceed 90 degrees, people are at risk of experiencing numerous heat-related illnesses which can be deadly. Young children, the elderly and those with medical problems like asthma are especially prone to becoming sick in these temperatures.
- Avoid spending time outdoors when temperatures are high, usually from 11am to 4pm.
- If outdoors, wear sunscreen, dress light and in light-colored clothing (dark colors absorb heat)
- Stay hydrated with water and reduce the amount of caffeine you take ( caffeine promotes water loss)
- Try to heat small meals to prevent digestive upsets and becoming warm.
If you experience any of the following symptoms/conditions, find a cool place to rest, loosen tight clothing, apply wet towels to cool body, and drink 1/2 glass of water every 15 minutes. If symptoms get worse call 911 immediately.
- Heat Cramps - periodic or persistent muscle spasms can cause bout of severe pain in the abdomen, legs or other areas. Try to rest area or lightly stretch the muscle.
- Heat Exhaustion - symptoms include cool moist skin, nausea, headache, weakness and flushed skin.
- Heat Stroke ** MOST SEVERE - call 911 ** - symptoms include red, hot DRY skin, and change in consciousness. In this condition, the body has tried but failed to cool the body.
Thanks to Bill Delaney of MCFRS for this information.